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修理小电机的步骤详解!

来源:http://www.jnmcd.com 发布时间:2019-01-26 浏览:
小电机虽然是一个便宜的低功率马达,如果同样可以花费很少的时间去修复它,这些原则也适用于其他电机,前面我们说过小电机的日常维护应该注意哪些问题,现在我们来探讨一下修理小电机的步骤。
  Although a small motor is a cheap low-power motor, if it can also take very little time to repair it, these principles also apply to other motors. We said before what problems should be paid attention to in the daily maintenance of small motors. Now let's discuss the steps of repairing small motors.
  第1步:外部清洁干净
  Step 1: Clean and clean outside
  去除小电机上面的任何腐蚀锈和粘性然后彻底干燥它。这样才有利于修理小电机。
  Remove any corrosive rust and stickiness from the small motor and dry it thoroughly. Only in this way can the small motor be repaired.
  第2步:分开外部零件
  Step 2: Separate external parts
  在驱动齿轮和外壳之间放一个小钝刀片,然后将齿轮拉出。使用一个非常小的平头螺丝刀拧紧固定背面的卡舌并将其拉出。将电枢从电机主体上拉下来。
  Place a small blunt blade between the drive gear and the housing and pull the gear out. Use a very small flat-headed screwdriver to tighten the clamp on the back and pull it out. Pull the armature down from the main body of the motor.
  第3步:内部清洁并检查
  Step 3: Internal cleaning and inspection
  使用一次性纸巾清洁干净内部,擦拭清洁换向器电枢和轴组件如果需要使用溶剂,然后检查没有金属/铁锈碎片是否粘在磁场上,磁铁是否牢固。
  Use disposable paper towels to clean the interior, wipe the armature and shaft components of the commutator if solvent is needed, and then check whether no metal/rust debris sticks to the magnetic field and whether the magnet is firm.
  第4步:修理
  Step 4: Repair
  所有的电机都是不同的,但一个电刷架上是一个独立的单元,背板位于一个销钉和后板的一个槽中以便将其拆下,不妨使用小螺丝刀或刀片。使用替换电缆来替换旧带状电缆的线束,剥去一小段绝缘层并将剥离的端部弯曲成直角。将电线弯曲到架底部并将其修剪掉。
  All motors are different, but a brush holder is a separate unit. The back plate is located in a slot of a pin and the back plate for removal. It is advisable to use a small screwdriver or blade. Replacement cable is used to replace the harness of the old ribbon cable, stripping a small insulation layer and bending the stripped end into a right angle. Bend the wire to the bottom of the rack and trim it off.
山东微型电机
  第5步:重新组装
  Step 5: Re-assembly
  将一滴轻油涂在前轴承轴上,用换向器夹住电枢和换向器组件,然后重新插入壳体,保持牢固的夹紧力,因为磁场磁铁会使其蹬开。如果电机有碳刷,请在换向器上涂抹少量凡士林油,不要给换向器涂油脂。
  A drop of light oil is coated on the front bearing shaft, the armature and commutator components are clamped by the commutator, and then re-inserted into the housing to maintain a firm clamping force, because the magnetic field magnet will push it off. If the motor has a carbon brush, please apply a small amount of vaseline oil on the commutator, do not grease the commutator.
  接下来将后轴承轴放在由刷子形成的V的顶部,然后推入,直到它接触到壳体的后部,将轴与后轴承孔对齐并推到一起。一旦在孔中看到轴并且后板与壳体接合,可能需要稍微更大的力。检查电机旋转应用电源,一旦确认电机正在工作,重新打开固定背板的标签。如果在重新编写标签之后电机无法运行,则不需要过度拧紧,就像在拆卸时轻轻松开标签一样。
  Next, the rear bearing shaft is placed on the top of the V formed by the brush and pushed in until it touches the back of the shell, aligning the shaft with the rear bearing hole and pushing it together. Once the shaft is seen in the hole and the rear plate joins the shell, a slightly greater force may be required. Check the power supply of the motor rotation application, once the motor is confirmed to be working, re-open the label of the fixed backplane. If the motor does not work after rewriting the label, no excessive tightening is required, just as the label is loosened when disassembling.
  第6步:最后的检测
  Step 6: Final detection
  如果检测小电机可以使用,那么让它保持运行一段时间即可,如果没有什么问题,则小电机修理完毕,如果出现问题,请重复以上的步骤即可。
  If the small motor can be used, then keep it running for a period of time. If there is no problem, the small motor will be repaired. If there is a problem, please repeat the above steps.
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